ABS stands for Acrylonitrile-Butadiene-Styrene ‘and is a’ thermoplastic’ used for the production of rigid objects. ABS has the advantage that it is very rigid (compared to for example the 3D print material ‘PLA’ that is widely used by artists for 3D printing). ABS is a light but tough, impact resistant material. The properties of ABS are ideally suited for the printing of functional objects, such as gears and support but also:
- Enclosures of different devices (eg monitors and other electrical devices)
- Applications in the automotive industry (including car bumpers)
- Another famous example of ABS material is LEGO.
ABS is already heavily used in ‘traditional’ production methods in various industries, because it can take many forms and at the same time maintain its high quality. The material is also resistant to extreme weather conditions and is chemically resistant.
Advantages of ABS
- Very sturdy and hard plastic
- High melting temperature
- Long life
Disadvantages of ABS
- Difficult to 3D printing because of shrinkage and requires heated printbed
- Unpleasant odor during 3D printing
More information about the ABS material can be found on WikiPedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acrylonitrile_butadiene_styrene